Discover all the benefits of the Mediterranean Diet

28 December 2017 0 Comments Category: Active Lifestyle

Mediterranean Diet

In recent years there has been a growing interest in diets: some people rely on a diet to lose weight and others follow a diet simply because they want to have a healthier lifestyle. However, there are so many diets that it is difficult to choose one, and in particular to find a diet that is well-balanced and healthy.

In this regard, the Mediterranean diet, typical of Spain and other countries like Italy, Greece and France, is a safe bet. In fact, nutritional experts from around the world have analysed its characteristics and have described it as one of the healthiest and most beneficial diets.

The five main foods in the Mediterranean Diet

Olive oil

This is the basis of the Mediterranean diet and the main source of monounsaturated fatty acids, which are very beneficial, as they help to keep the arteries clean and prevent the accumulation of plaque deposits. In fact, olive oil is a healthy fat which helps to reduce blood pressure, reduces cholesterol levels in the blood and lowers the risk of suffering from cardiovascular diseases.

Fruit and vegetables

If anything characterises the Mediterranean diet it is the regular consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables, which are very beneficial because they contain high levels of vitamins and minerals. They are also an excellent source of water, which helps us to stay hydrated and are rich in fibre, which regulates intestinal transit and prevents a variety of gastrointestinal conditions. Some fruit and vegetables, such as tomatoes and blueberries, are rich in antioxidants and prevent the development of diseases such as cancer.

Bread, cereals and rice

Cereals and cereal products are another fundamental component of the Mediterranean diet. Whenever you choose complex carbohydrates (rye, oats, etc.) and their whole grain versions, they provide an excellent source of energy to meet your daily demands. Also, in addition to those already mentioned, cereals such as wheat, barley and maize are rich in vitamin B and folic acid, which are essential for the correct functioning of the nervous system and also contain minerals like phosphorus and iron, which are difficult to source in other foods.

Dairy products

The Mediterranean diet contains not only milk but also yoghurt and cheese. The yoghurt provides enzymes which are beneficial to the bacterial flora in our body, and which help with correct metabolic function, while cheese contains proteins of high biological value and minerals which help to prevent the demineralization of our teeth and bones.

Oily fish

In general, fish plays an important part in the Mediterranean diet, but, oily fish in particular, which should be eaten at least twice a week. Oily fish is an excellent source of Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids which help blood flow and prevent the development of cardiac diseases. It is also rich in Vitamins A and E, which have an antioxidant action and prevent degenerative diseases. They also have an anti-inflammatory action and protect the thyroid.

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